Items filtered by date: September 2022
A bunion is a common foot condition that affects millions of people worldwide, and it is considered to be a deformity. Many people can develop a bunion from genetic reasons, or from wearing shoes that do not have enough room for the toes to move freely in. It is noticeable as a bony lump that gradually forms on the side of the big toe, and larger shoes may need to be purchased. If the bunion is large, it may cause the other toes to shift toward each other, which may result in pain and discomfort. Additional symptoms that can accompany a bunion can include calluses forming on the second toe, inflamed skin on the big toe, and the toes may be hard to move. There may be a decreased range of motion in the big toe, and patients may experience chronic pain. Mild relief may be found when the correct size and style shoes are worn, and a protective covering may be put over the bunion which may help to reduce friction. A podiatrist is qualified to diagnose and treat bunions, and it is strongly suggested that you confer with this type of doctor if you have this foot condition.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It occurs when a thick band of tissue, plantar fascia, that runs from the toes to the heel under the foot becomes inflamed. It causes a stabbing pain when you get up in the morning, but usually diminishes throughout the day. A number of exercises can help to stretch and strengthen the plantar fascia, thereby reducing pain. To stretch the area, first, while sitting in a chair, lift the big toe upward and gently massage the bottom of the foot. Repeat three or four times. Second, roll a tennis ball under your foot, back and forth. Third, standing up and holding onto a chair or wall for balance, push the toe of one foot against the heel of the other, stretching it. Hold for 30 seconds and then switch feet. Repeat. To strengthen the plantar fascia, sit in a chair and place a towel on the floor. Grab the towel with the toes and hold for 30 seconds. Change feet. This can also be done with a pencil. For more information on how to alleviate the pain of plantar fasciitis, please consult with a podiatrist.
Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that is often caused by a strain injury. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM from Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. When this ligament becomes inflamed, plantar fasciitis is the result. If you have plantar fasciitis you will have a stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As the day progresses and you walk around more, this pain will start to disappear, but it will return after long periods of standing or sitting.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
- Excessive running
- Having high arches in your feet
- Other foot issues such as flat feet
- Pregnancy (due to the sudden weight gain)
- Being on your feet very often
There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop plantar fasciitis compared to others. The condition most commonly affects adults between the ages of 40 and 60. It also tends to affect people who are obese because the extra pounds result in extra stress being placed on the plantar fascia.
- Take good care of your feet – Wear shoes that have good arch support and heel cushioning.
- Maintain a healthy weight
- If you are a runner, alternate running with other sports that won’t cause heel pain
There are a variety of treatment options available for plantar fasciitis along with the pain that accompanies it. Additionally, physical therapy is a very important component in the treatment process. It is important that you meet with your podiatrist to determine which treatment option is best for you.
Arthritis is a painful condition that can affect the feet. There are several forms of arthritis and each one can develop in different parts of the foot. Osteoarthritis can cause bony spurs on the bottom of the big toe as a result of damaged cartilage. This can often lead to bunions developing and many patients have to purchase wider shoes. Inflammation of the joints in the ball of the foot may be indicative of rheumatoid arthritis. This may result in ligaments that become loose which may help the bone to push against the skin of the sole. Mild relief may be felt when a portion of leather is placed in the shoe, and this may be helpful in moving the pressure to the center of the foot. An extremely painful form of arthritis is known as gout and can develop from genetic reasons or from eating foods that have high levels of purines. These types of foods may cause excess uric acid and can lodge in the joints of the big toe. If you have foot pain, it is strongly advised that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose arthritis in the feet as well as offer treatment methods.
Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM from Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Arthritic Foot Care
Arthritis is a term that is commonly used to describe joint pain. The condition itself can occur to anyone of any age, race, or gender, and there are over 100 types of it. Nevertheless, arthritis is more commonly found in women compared to men, and it is also more prevalent in those who are overweight. The causes of arthritis vary depending on which type of arthritis you have. Osteoarthritis for example, is often caused by injury, while rheumatoid arthritis is caused by a misdirected immune system.
- Decreased Range of Motion
Arthritic symptoms range in severity, and they may come and go. Some symptoms stay the same for several years but could potentially get worse with time. Severe cases of arthritis can prevent its sufferers from performing daily activities and make walking difficult.
- Occupation – Occupations requiring repetitive knee movements have been linked to osteoarthritis
- Obesity – Excess weight can contribute to osteoarthritis development
- Infection – Microbial agents can infect the joints and trigger arthritis
- Joint Injuries – Damage to joints may lead to osteoarthritis
- Age – Risk increases with age
- Gender –Most types are more common in women
- Genetics – Arthritis can be hereditary
If you suspect your arthritis is affecting your feet, it is crucial that you see a podiatrist immediately. Your doctor will be able to address your specific case and help you decide which treatment method is best for you.
Research has indicated that aging increases the risk of falling. There are physical reasons why many people fall, and these include the inability to retain muscle strength, which may negatively affect balance. Many people shorten their gait as the aging process occurs, and their overall strength may be affected. Additionally, reaction time may gradually decrease, and vision can rapidly become worse. People who fall may experience a fear of falling, and this can cause them to limit their daily activities. They may refrain from engaging in an exercise program, and this is not encouraged. Participating in an exercise and stretching regime can help to strengthen the body, which is beneficial in preventing falling. Effective fall prevention techniques can include having regular physical and eye examinations that can update existing medications and eyeglasses, and it is helpful to install grab bars in the toilet and shower area. Falling can affect the feet, and unnecessary foot pain may occur after a fall. If you would like more information about how to protect the feet in addition to preventing falling, please consider consulting a podiatrist.
Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Matthew McQuaid, DPM from Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.
Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.
How to Prevent Falls
Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:
- Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
- Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
- Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
- Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
- Utilizing a walker or cane
- Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
- Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness
Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.