Items filtered by date: December 2019
The portion of tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel is referred to as the Achilles tendon. This tendon makes it possible to walk, in addition to participating in running and jumping activities. If this should become inflamed as a result of an injury or damage that has happened gradually, it may develop into tendonitis. Symptoms of this condition can consist of pain and discomfort surrounding the heel. It can occur if the wrong shoes are worn during exercising, if a new sport is started, or if walking and running take place on an uneven surface. When this tendon is injured, it may be difficult to walk, and the pain may be intense upon arising in the morning. Relief may be found when the affected leg is elevated, and this may help to diminish a portion of the swelling. If you have endured an Achilles tendon injury, it is strongly suggested that you seek the advice of a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.
Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM of Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.
What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Dull to severe pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility
Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:
- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses
Patients who have feet that sweat excessively may have a condition that is known as plantar hyperhidrosis. It may occur from having overactive sweat glands, and can cause discomfort and embarrassment. There are several reasons why plantar hyperhidrosis may develop. These can consist of having an overactive thyroid, taking certain medications, or having anxiety attacks. It may be controlled by using a strong antiperspirant, having specific medicines prescribed, or undergoing a surgical procedure. If you are suffering from this condition, please consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can properly treat this condition.
Hyperhidrosis of the Feet
Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder that can cause people to have excessive sweating of their feet. This can usually occur all on its own without rigorous activity involved. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis may also experience sweaty palms.
Although it is said that sweating is a healthy process meant to cool down the body temperature and to maintain a proper internal temperature, hyperhidrosis may prove to be a huge hindrance on a person’s everyday life.
Plantar hyperhidrosis is considered to be the main form of hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis can refer to sweating that occurs in areas other than the feet or hands and armpits. Often this may be a sign of it being related to another medical condition such as menopause, hyperthyroidism and even Parkinson’s disease.
In order to alleviate this condition, it is important to see your doctor so that they may prescribe the necessary medications so that you can begin to live a normal life again. If this is left untreated, it is said that it will persist throughout an individual’s life.
A last resort approach would be surgery, but it is best to speak with your doctor to find out what may be the best treatment for you.
A condition that causes the big toe to become painful may be referred to as gout. Additional symptoms can include swelling, redness, and extreme discomfort. Patients who are afflicted with gout may find that their toe is so painful, it may be uncomfortable to have anything touch it. This condition is generally caused by elevated uric acid levels in the bloodstream. This can occur as a result of genetic factors, or by ingesting foods that have high purine levels. These can include shellfish, red meat, alcohol, and foods and drinks that have large amounts of sugar. There are measures that can be implemented which may help to prevent painful gout attacks. These typically consist of incorporating healthy eating habits into your daily routine, and practicing a gentle exercise regime. If you feel you have developed gout, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.
Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM from Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
What Is Gout?
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.
People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.
Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.
If left untreated, an ingrown toenail can lead to more serious concerns, such as an infection. Knowing proper nail care can help in the prevention of an ingrown toenail. Give us a call, and get treated!
Research has indicated there are three habits to develop that may be beneficial in preventing running injuries. Running and jogging may be easier to enjoy when the body is warmed up. An effective warm-up can increase the body’s range of motion and flexibility. The second habit consists of running with a goal in mind. It may be helpful to follow a program that can alternate running styles. People who enjoy the sport of running are aware of the third habit which consists of properly stretching and noticing if there are existing aches and pains. If you would like additional information about how to prevent running injuries, it is advised that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist who can provide you with the necessary knowledge.
All runners should take extra precaution when trying to avoid injury. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM of Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
How to Prevent Running Injuries
There are a lot of mistakes a runner can make prior to a workout that can induce injury. A lot of athletes tend to overstretch before running, instead of saving those workouts for a post-run routine. Deep lunges and hand-to-toe hamstring pulls should be performed after a workout instead of during a warmup. Another common mistake is jumping into an intense routine before your body is physically prepared for it. You should try to ease your way into long-distance running instead of forcing yourself to rush into it.
More Tips for Preventing Injury
- Incorporate Strength Training into Workouts - This will help improve the body’s overall athleticism
- Improve and Maintain Your Flexibility – Stretching everyday will help improve overall performance
- “Warm Up” Before Running and “Cool Down” Afterward – A warm up of 5-10 minutes helps get rid of lactic acid in the muscles and prevents delayed muscle soreness
- Cross-Training is Crucial
- Wear Proper Running Shoes
- Have a Formal Gait Analysis – Poor biomechanics can easily cause injury
A common cause of a broken foot is a traumatic fall. Additionally, it can happen gradually from repeated stress that occurs in the same area of the foot. This can develop from frequently participating in sporting activities that involve running and jumping. The symptoms that many patients experience include severe pain and discomfort, an inability to walk, and the foot may become swollen or bruised. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which typically consists of having an X-ray taken, treatment can begin. The type of treatment may depend on the severity of the fracture. Effective methods can consist of wearing a boot or cast. If your foot is severely fractured, surgery may be necessary to repair the affected bones. If you have broken your foot, please consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to begin treatment.
A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM from Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury.
Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:
- Blue in color
Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.
Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.