Items filtered by date: May 2020
Ligaments that are injured on the outside of the ankle are generally the cause of an ankle sprain. This type of injury can cause limited range of motion, and it can become difficult to accomplish daily activities. There are several levels of ankle sprains. Mild sprains can produce slight swelling surrounding the ankle bone, and it is likely there is little joint instability. If moderate pain is felt, it may be accompanied by stiffness and bruising, in addition to weakened joints. Severe pain is felt in what is referred to as a grade three sprain, and it can indicate a total ligament rupture. If you have sprained your ankle, it is strongly advised that you consult with a podiatrist who can determine the severity of the injury, and begin the correct treatment for you.
Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM from Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.
What Are the Symptoms?
- Mild to moderate bruising
- Limited mobility
- Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.
Athlete’s foot is a contagious fungal skin infection. This fungal infection typically thrives in moist, warm environments. Not wearing the proper footwear in locations such as gyms, locker rooms, public swimming pools, and communal showers may increase your risk of getting this fungal infection. There are certain symptoms that are commonly associated with this condition. These may include itchy blisters on the feet, dry skin on the soles or sides of the feet, a stinging or burning sensation between the toes, and cracking or peeling of the skin between the toes. Some patients have found antifungal powder to be helpful in trying to relieve these symptoms. For a proper diagnosis and advised plan of treatment, it’s suggested that you consult with a podiatrist.
Athlete’s foot is often an uncomfortable condition to experience. Thankfully, podiatrists specialize in treating athlete’s foot and offer the best treatment options. If you have any questions about athlete’s foot, consult with Matthew McQuaid, DPM from Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment.
What Is Athlete’s Foot?
Tinea pedis, more commonly known as athlete’s foot, is a non-serious and common fungal infection of the foot. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has it or infected surfaces. The most common places contaminated by it are public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. Once contracted, it grows on feet that are left inside moist, dark, and warm shoes and socks.
The most effective ways to prevent athlete’s foot include:
- Thoroughly washing and drying feet
- Avoid going barefoot in locker rooms and public showers
- Using shower shoes in public showers
- Wearing socks that allow the feet to breathe
- Changing socks and shoes frequently if you sweat a lot
Athlete’s foot initially occurs as a rash between the toes. However, if left undiagnosed, it can spread to the sides and bottom of the feet, toenails, and if touched by hand, the hands themselves. Symptoms include:
- Scaly and peeling skin
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is quick and easy. Skin samples will be taken and either viewed under a microscope or sent to a lab for testing. Sometimes, a podiatrist can diagnose it based on simply looking at it. Once confirmed, treatment options include oral and topical antifungal medications.
Many runners experience the frustration of dealing with a sports injury that impacts their lower extremities. Whether you’re dealing with plantar fasciitis, a stress fracture, or Achilles tendonitis, it is common for an athlete dealing with a sports injury to want to continue staying in shape and being active. There are a few exercises that can help mimic the activity of running on a more low impact level. One example of this type of exercise is referred to as pool running, or aqua jogging. This activity holds the same concept as if you were on land, except you are under water. While it is low-impact, which is good if you’re dealing with an injury, it is still a high-resistance exercise. Stair walking is another low impact exercise that can help build strength as your body continues to heal. Of course it’s important to listen to your body and monitor any pain felt. For tips on how to stay active while nursing a sports injury, it’s suggested that you speak with a podiatrist.
Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM of Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Plantar Fasciosis
- Achilles Tendinitis
- Achilles Tendon Rupture
- Ankle Sprains
Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.
Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!
There is a specific nerve that is known as the tibial nerve which is located inside the tarsal tunnel. It is found inside the ankle, and is surrounded by bone and tissue. If inflammation of this nerve occurs as a result of an injury, it is referred to as tarsal tunnel syndrome. Some of the symptoms that patients may experience can range from a burning or numbing sensation, to sharp, shooting pains. Existing medical conditions that may contribute to tarsal tunnel syndrome may include arthritis, flat feet, and diabetes. Additionally, it may develop as a result of an ankle sprain or fracture, which can initiate swelling to the tibial nerve. If you have symptoms of this nature, please consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and manage this condition as quickly as possible.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Matthew McQuaid, DPM of Lake Mendocino Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.
Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.
The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.